AskDefine | Define longicorn

Dictionary Definition

longicorn n : long-bodied beetle having very long antennae [syn: long-horned beetle, longicorn beetle]

Extensive Definition

The longhorn beetles or long-horned beetles (Cerambycidae) are a cosmopolitan family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body. In various members of the family, however, the antennae are quite short (e.g., Neandra brunnea, figured below) and such species can only be recognized with difficulty from related beetle families such as Chrysomelidae. The family is large, with over 20,000 species described. Several are serious pests, with the larvae boring into wood, where they can cause extensive damage to either living trees or to wood in buildings; the old-house borer (Hylotrupes bajulus) being a particular problem indoors. A number of species mimic ants, bees, and wasps, though a majority of species are cryptically colored. The rare giant long-horned beetle (Titanus giganteus) from northeastern South America is often considered the largest (though not the heaviest, and not the longest including legs) insect, with a maximum known body length of just over 16 centimeters.

Classification

As with many large families, different authorities have tended to recognize many different subfamilies, or sometimes split subfamilies off as separate families entirely (e.g., Disteniidae, Oxypeltidae, and Vesperidae; http://www.sea-entomologia.org/PDF/M3M_PRIBES_2002/193_206_Vanin.pdf); there is thus some instability and controversy regarding the constituency of the Cerambycidae (e.g http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2006f/z01212p244f.pdf).

References

Further reading

  • (2005) Electronic Checklist of the Cerambycidae of the Western Hemisphere. PDF Cerambycids.com
longicorn in Bulgarian: Сечковци
longicorn in Czech: Tesaříkovití
longicorn in German: Bockkäfer
longicorn in Estonian: Siklased
longicorn in Spanish: Cerambycidae
longicorn in French: Cerambycidae
longicorn in Korean: 하늘소
longicorn in Italian: Cerambycidae
longicorn in Hebrew: יקרוניתיים
longicorn in Lithuanian: Ūsuočiai
longicorn in Hungarian: Cincérfélék
longicorn in Dutch: Boktorren
longicorn in Japanese: カミキリムシ
longicorn in Norwegian: Trebukker
longicorn in Norwegian Nynorsk: Trebukk
longicorn in Polish: Kózkowate
longicorn in Slovak: Fuzáčovité
longicorn in Serbian: Стрижибубе
longicorn in Finnish: Sarvijäärät
longicorn in Swedish: Långhorningar
longicorn in Ukrainian: Вусачі
longicorn in Chinese: 天牛
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